In 2008, oil was discovered in the Kitan Oil Field in the Joint Petroleum Development Area of the Timor Sea about 240 kilometres south of the Timor-Leste capital of Dili.

INPEX holds a 35 per cent interest in the eni-operated joint venture.

Production from Kitan commenced in October 2011. Production expectations are for between 35,000 and 40,000 barrels per day at peak over an operational life of about seven years.